14
February
2013

Sinus infections: Symptoms, causes, and how to cure them

All you need to know about sinus infections

Do you think you may be suffering from a sinus infection?  Read here to find out all the necessary information about sinusitis to decide whether or not you have one.
What causes a sinus infection?
Sinusitis (or sinus infection) is an inflammation, or swelling, of the tissue lining the sinuses. Normally, our sinuses are simply filled with air, but when the sinuses become blocked and filled with fluid and germs, bacteria and fungi can grow causing this ailment. Symptoms  often develop after a cold or during times of severe or ongoing allergic symptoms.
What are the symptoms?
You may be familiar with the most common symptoms of sinusitis. These include:
  • Painful pressure in the cheeks, around the eyes or forehead
  • Thick yellow-green nasal discharge
  • Runny nose
  • Loss of smell
  • Cough
  • Sore or dry throat
  • Congestion in the sinuses
  • Fatigue
  • Toothache (caused by pressure around cheeks and eyes)
  • Fever
How long does it last?
There are four main types of sinusitis. Acute sinusitis is a sudden onset of cold-like symptoms such as runny, stuffy nose and facial pain and pressure that doesn’t cense for at least 10 days to two weeks and typically lasts about 4 weeks (sometimes less). Subacute sinusitis is inflammation that last 4 to 8 weeks. Chronic sinusitis is sinus inflammation symptoms that last more than 8 weeks. And, if you are a sufferer of recurrent sinusitis then you experience several incidents each year. In order to be diagnosed with sinusitis, one must visit a physician, and he or she can examine the symptoms and decide if you are suffering from sinusitis.
How to cure it
Most people suffering from acute sinusitis will recover without the use of any prescribed medications. However, if the cause is bacterial, there are some things you can do to get rid of the symptoms and perhaps shorten the duration, such as using decongestants and nasal sprays.
Chronic sinusitis is not usually caused by bacteria; so taking antibiotic will not help. That is why it is so important to have a doctor diagnose what type of sinus infection you have and then offer appropriate treatment. If the symptoms directly relate to allergies, and allergic reactions, one should avoid doing activities that may aggravate the allergies even more. You can also take medication that helps to subdue allergy symptoms (such as decongestants or antihistamines), in turn lessening the symptoms.
For chronic sinusitis sufferers, intranasal corticosteroid sprays (that are spray directly up the nose) may work for treating the infection. You should first consult your doctor before starting these sprays. If the Physician determines that the infection was caused by a fungus, then he or she maybe prescribe an antifungal medication.
Other options
If you are still suffering from seemingly chronic sinus infections, and nothing has seemed to help, anendoscopic sinus surgery may be an option for you. However, you must first talk to your doctor about the surgery to determine if you are a good candidate. Also, be sure to weigh the pros and cons or having surgery, as often times it can be a slow recovery, and not always a “quick fix”.
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Categories: Sinuses

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